Can a Foreigner Buy Land in Indonesia?

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With its stunning landscapes, rich culture, and thriving economy, Indonesia has become an attractive destination for foreign investors looking to purchase property. However, understanding the regulations and restrictions surrounding land ownership as a foreigner is crucial.

This comprehensive blog post will answer the following question: Can a foreigner buy land in Indonesia? Gaining insights into the legal framework and processes will allow you to make informed decisions when considering real estate investments in this beautiful country.

1. Understanding the Basics: Land Ownership Laws in Indonesia

1.1 Constitutional Limitations:
Under Indonesian law, land is considered a national asset and is subject to certain restrictions on foreign ownership. These limitations aim to protect the country’s natural resources and ensure that Indonesians have control over their land.

1.2 Leasehold vs. Freehold Ownership:
As a foreigner, you are typically restricted to leasehold ownership, which grants you the right to use the land for a predetermined period. On the other hand, freehold ownership is typically reserved for Indonesian citizens and requires careful consideration with legal experts.

2. The Right to Use (Hak Pakai): Your Path to Property Ownership

2.1 Hak Pakai for Foreigners:
To facilitate foreign investments, Indonesia introduced a Right to Use (Hak Pakai) title, granting foreigners the right to use land for residential or commercial purposes for up to 80 years. This title provides considerable flexibility and security, allowing foreign investors to develop, sell, and transfer their property rights.

2.2 Hak Pakai Requirements:
To acquire Hak Pakai, specific criteria and processes must be followed, including engaging with the Indonesian Government, adhering to zoning regulations, and obtaining proper permits. Working with a reputable local professional, such as a notary or legal consultant, is essential to navigate these requirements.

Beautiful Lombok landscape

3. Real Estate Ownership through a PMA Company

3.1 Establishing a PMA Company:
Another option for foreigners to acquire land in Indonesia is establishing a Foreign-Owned Company (PMA). This type of company allows you to own the land under the company’s name and gives you more control over the property. However, some specific requirements and regulations must be met, including a minimum investment capital, business plan, and required licenses.

3.2 PMA Company Advantages:
Operating through a PMA company provides advantages such as greater control, flexibility, and the ability to engage in various business activities beyond property ownership. It is crucial to seek expert advice to ensure compliance with the legal and regulatory aspects of establishing and maintaining a PMA company.

4.1 Work with Experienced Professionals:
Navigating the complexities of property ownership in Indonesia requires the expertise of local lawyers, notaries, and legal consultants who are knowledgeable about the current laws and regulations. They will guide you through the processes, conduct due diligence, and ensure compliance with all legal requirements.

4.2 Land Titles and Due Diligence:
Before entering into any property transaction, conducting thorough due diligence is vital. Professional assistance will help you review land titles, permits, land-use regulations, and potential encumbrances, ensuring a smooth and secure transaction.

If you’re looking for guidance, our team at Explora Lombok can assist you in making strategic decisions. We provide a comprehensive service that includes identifying potential investment locations, comprehensive legal services, and advice on sustainable opportunities.

Due Diligence steps and documents in Lombok

Can a Foreigner Buy Land in Indonesia? Conclusion.

While foreign land ownership in Indonesia is subject to certain restrictions, acquiring property through Hak Pakai or a PMA company can provide lucrative investment opportunities. Foreign investors can successfully navigate the Indonesian property market by understanding the legal framework, engaging professional assistance, and following the necessary procedures.

Remember, purchasing land in any country requires careful consideration and expert guidance. This ensures that your investments align with your goals while respecting local laws and regulations. For more information about buying land in Lombok as a foreigner, read our Complete Guide to Buying Land in Lombok.

About Nour Estates

We started Nour Estates with a simple idea: to make finding your dream land in Lombok as easy and enjoyable as a day at the beach. Our team is a mix of local folks and people from around the world who fell in love with Lombok just like you. We’ve been in your shoes, faced the challenges of buying land here, and learned all the ins and outs. Now, we’re here to share that knowledge with you.

We are here to find you the perfect land to invest in. Contact us today, and let’s start this exciting journey together!


Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM): The BKPM offers comprehensive information on investment policies, regulations, procedures, and opportunities in Indonesia. It’s an essential resource for foreign investors looking to understand the investment climate and legal requirements.

Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/National Land Agency: For real estate investments, this agency provides crucial information on land ownership, registration, and land-related regulations in Indonesia. It’s valuable for understanding the legal aspects of land transactions.

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